Evaluating the Performance of Virtual Path Bandwidth Control in ATM Networks


IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E77-B    No.10    pp.1175-1187
Publication Date: 1994/10/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Communication Networks and Service
B-ISDN,  ATM,  virtual path,  adaptive control,  dynamic routing,  relaxation time,  

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The new algorithm for VP bandwidth control described and analyzed in this paper is a revised version of the Successive Modification Method. Its operation is based only on call-level performance (call blocking probabilities) measured in real time, without explicitly taking the cell-level performance into account. This algorithm does not need to predict future traffic demand and to perform network-wide optimization according to the predicted traffic. These features are well suited for a B-ISDN environment, with the variety of ATM bearer services and the uncertainty of their traffic demand and other characteristics. This paper describes the relationship between the proposed control and other traffic controls in ATM networks, such as CAC and VP shaping/policing. It also offers a solution to the problem of the competition that arises when several VPs in the same transmission path need increased bandwidth. Evaluation of the transient behavior of the VP bandwidth occupied by VCs shows that there is a lower limit in the control cycle and that this limit can be estimated as the longest average holding time of VCs among all services. Numerical results obtained using a call-by-call simulator show that proposed control is effective in preventing the performance degradation caused by a large traffic imbalance in communications networks. Comparison of the proposed control with a dynamical alternate routing for VC reveals that the VP bandwidth control is effective in relieving only the areas showing serious performance degradation, but that it is not so effective in improving the overall network performance.