Parallel Analog Image Coding and Decoding by Using Cellular Neural Networks

Mamoru TANAKA  Kenneth R. CROUNSE  Tamás ROSKA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E77-A   No.8   pp.1387-1395
Publication Date: 1994/08/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Neural Networks
Keyword: 
cellular neural networks,  image ciding,  image decoding,  dynamics,  halftoning,  structural compression,  regularization,  communication system,  

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Summary: 
This paper describes highly parallel analog image coding and decoding by cellular neural networks (CNNs). The communication system in which the coder (C-) and decoder (D-) CNNs are embedded consists of a differential transmitter with an internal receiver model in the feedback loop. The C-CNN encodes the image through two cascaded techniques: structural compression and halftoning. The D-CNN decodes the received data through a reconstruction process, which includes a dynamic current distribution, so that the original input to the C-CNN can be recognized. The halftoning serves as a dynamic quantization to convert each pixel to a binary value depending on the neighboring values. We approach halftoning by the minimization of error energy between the original gray image and reconstructed halftone image, and the structural compression from the viewpoints of topological and regularization theories. All dynamics are described by CNN state equations. Both the proposed coding and decoding algorithms use only local image information in a space inveriant manner, therefore errors are distributed evenly and will not introduce the blocking effects found in DCT-based coding methods. In the future, the use of parallel inputs from on-chip photodetectors would allow direct dynamic quantization and compression of image sequences without the use of multiple bit analog-to-digital converters. To validate our theory, a simulation has been performed by using the relaxation method on an 150 frame image sequence. Each input image was 256256 pixels whth 8 bits per pixel. The simulated fixed compression rate, not including the Huffman coding, was about 1/16 with a PSNR of 31[dB]35[dB].