A Numerical Simulation of the Effects of the Actual Lip Geometry on Acoustic Fields by a Three-Dimensional FEM

Chengxiang LU  Takayoshi NAKAI  Hisayoshi SUZUKI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E77-A   No.2   pp.422-428
Publication Date: 1994/02/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Speech
lip shape,  three dimension FEM,  finite element method,  Helmholtz equation,  lip radiation,  

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This paper describes an implementation of the finite element method to examine the effects of actual lip shape on the sound radiation. A three-dimensional finite element approach by Galerkin method was used. The accuracy of the calculation of finite element method for the sound radiation was tested by comparing it with the exact solutions for a circular piston radiator on an infinite baffle. Using a set of finite element models of the vocal tract, we calculated the responses to a pure tone input and the sound fields over the frequency range of 100 Hz-7 kHz. The transfer functions are examined in detail for vowels /a/ and /i/ when the shape of the actual lips is simplified as a planeradiation surface. The effects of lip shape on the distribution of sound pressures are also shown in both the vocal tract and the surrounding space of the mouth opening.