A Synthesis of Variable Wave Digital Filters


IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E77-A   No.1   pp.263-271
Publication Date: 1994/01/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Digital Signal Processing
variable digital filter,  wave digital filters,  digital filter,  LC filter,  signal processing,  

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It is often desired to change the cutoff frequencies of digital filters in some applications like digital electronic instruments. This paper proposes a design of variable lowpass digital filters with wider ranges of cutoff frequencies than conventional designs. Wave digital filters are used for the prototypes of variable filters. The proposed design is based on the frequency scaling in the s-domain, while the conventional ones are based on the z-domain lowpass-to-lowpass transformations. The first-order approximation by the Taylor series expansion is used to make multiplier coefficients in a wave digital filters obtained from a frequency-scaled LC filter become linear functions of the scaling parameter, which is similar to the conventional design. Furthermore this paper discusses the reduction of the approximation error. The curvature is introduced as the figure of the quality of the first-order approximation. The use of the second-order approximation to large-curvature multiplier coefficients instead of the first-order one is proposed.