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Three Different LR Parsing Algorithms for Phoneme-Context-Dependent HMM-Based Continuous Speech Recognition
Akito NAGAI Shigeki SAGAYAMA Kenji KITA Hideaki KIKUCHI
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems
Publication Date: 1993/01/25
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Speech and Discourse Processing in Dialogue Systems)
speech recognition, Hidden Markov Model, CFG, LR parser, allophone, phoneme context,
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This paper discusses three approaches for combining an efficient LR parser and phoneme-context-dependent HMMs and compares them through continuous speech recognition experiments. In continuous speech recognition, phoneme-context-dependent allophonic models are considered very helpful for enhancing the recognition accuracy. They precisely represent allophonic variations caused by the difference in phoneme-contexts. With grammatical constraints based on a context free grammar (CFG), a generalized LR parser is one of the most efficient parsing algorithms for speech recognition. Therefore, the combination of allophonic models and a generalized LR parser is a powerful scheme enabling accurate and efficient speech recognition. In this paper, three phoneme-context-dependent LR parsing algorithms are proposed, which make it possible to drive allophonic HMMs. The algorithms are outlined as follows: (1) Algorithm for predicting the phonemic context dynamically in the LR parser using a phoneme-context-independent LR table. (2) Algorithm for converting an LR table into a phoneme-context-dependent LR table. (3) Algorithm for converting a CFG into a phoneme-context-dependent CFG. This paper also includes discussion of the results of recognition experiments, and a comparison of performance and efficiency of these three algorithms.