An Experimental Study on Frequency Synthesizers Using Push-Push Oscillators

Hiroyuki YABUKI  Morikazu SAGAWA  Mitsuo MAKIMOTO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E76-C   No.6   pp.932-937
Publication Date: 1993/06/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Technology for Advanced Functions and Size-Reductions)
Category: 
Keyword: 
split-ring resonator,  push-push osciplier,  injection locked oscillator,  frequency synthesizer,  

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Summary: 
This paper describes the fundamental principle of novel push-push oscillators using hairpin-shaped split-ring resonators and their application to voltage controlled and injection locked oscillators for frequency synthesizers. The experimental results make it clear that the synthesizer systems discussed here have the advantages of high frequency operation, compact size and low power consumption. Experimental work has been carried out in the L band, but these systems can be applied to much higher frequencies.