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Technological Trends and Key Technologies in Intelligent Vehicles
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics
Publication Date: 1993/12/25
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: INVITED PAPER (Special Issue on ASICs for Automotive Electronics)
automotive electronics, intelligent vehicles, microelectronics, sensing, vehicle informatics,
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The technical trends of intelligent vehicles are discussed basing on the progress of technology of microelectronics, sensing and information processing. The concept of intelligent vehicles has started when the installation of computers on vehicles became possible in 1970s. The functions of computerized cars increased gradually with the progress of technology of microelectronics, sensing and information processing responding to the demands of the society. The first issues we had to challenge with the capability of electronic systems were the environmental and the energy resources problems. The R & D works of these purposes created many sophisticated computer control systems. Moreover, these works established the base of intelligent vehicles that contains various functions for drivability, safety, and information communications. On the other hand, many kinds of information and communication technology became useful to solve the issues on automobiles through infrastructure systems. United States, Europe, and Japan have started their own projects to realize such hierarchy management systems for traffic and vehicles. From the viewpoint of vehicle itself, it is the indispensable conditions and directions to implement the computer and telecommunications functions to the vehicles to establish clean, comfort, convenient, efficient and safe automobiles toward the next century.