Summary: Optical soliton transmissions at 10 and 20Gbit/s over 1000km with the use of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers are described in detail. For the 10Gbit/s experiment, a bit error rate (BER) of below 110-13 was obtained with 220-1 pseudorandom patterns and the power penalty was less than 0.1dB. In the 20Gbit/s experiment optical multiplexing and demultiplexing techniques were used and a BER of below 110-12 was obtained with 223-1 pseudorandom patterns under a penalty-free condition. A new technique for sending soliton pulses over ultralong distances is presented which incorporates synchronous shaping and retiming using a high speed optical modulator. Some experimental results over 1 million km at 7.210Gbit/s are described. This technique enables us to overcome the Gordon-Haus limit, the accumulation of amplified spontaneous emission (ASE), and the effect of interaction forces between adjacent solitons. It is also shown by computer runs and a simple analysis that a one hundred million km soliton transmission is possible by means of soliton transmission controls in the time and frequency domains. This means that limit-free transmission is possible.