Brillouin Optical-Fiber Time Domain Reflectometry

Toshio KURASHIMA  Tsuneo HORIGUCHI  Hisashi IZUMITA  Shin-ichi FURUKAWA  Yahei KOYAMADA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E76-B   No.4   pp.382-390
Publication Date: 1993/04/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Optical Fiber Cables and Related Technologies)
Category: 
Keyword: 
Brillouin scattering,  optical fiber,  strain,  coherent detection,  temerature,  

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Summary: 
We report on Brillouin optical-fiber time domain reflectometry (BOTDR) for distributed temperature or strain measurement along a single-mode optical fiber. BOTDR uses Brillouin scattering in optical fibers, whose Brillouin frequency shift increases in proportion to temperature or strain induced in the fiber. This method requires access to only one end of a fiber, as with conventional optical time domain reflectometry (OTDR) which uses Rayleigh scattering in optical fibers. In BOTDR, a coherent optical detection method is used as a backscattered light detection technique. This technique can achieve both high sensitivity and high frequency resolution and easily separate a weak Brillouin line from a strong Rayleigh scattering peak and Fresnel reflected light. Experimental results show the potential for measuring temperature and strain distribution with respective accuracies of 3 or 0.006%, and a spatial resolution of 100m in an 11.57km long fiber.