BER Performance Improvement of BPSK with Pilot Tone under Frequency-Selective Fading Using Diversity


IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E76-B   No.2   pp.187-195
Publication Date: 1993/02/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Radio Communication
BPSK,  pilot tone,  frequency-selective fading,  diversity,  

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We analyze the average bit error probability (BER) performances of BPSK with pilot tone in the frequency-selective Rayleigh fading channel, which can be characterized by the delay power spectrum due to multipath fading. The analysis is based on the error probability conditioned on the receiver input envelope in order to investigate the diversity effects. With taking into consideration of predetection receiving filter characteristic, the average BER is evaluated by treating the normalized standard deviation (rms delay spread), τ0/T (T: digital symbol period), of the delay power spectrum, BT product of predetection filter and power distribution between BPSK signal and pilot tone as parameters. The results show that the optimum power distribution (kopt) can be determined mainly according to the ratio (α) of tone extracting filter bandwidth to predetection filter bandwidth provided that α is small. For fixed α, τ0/T and kopt corresponding to α, optimum BT product, which minimizes the error rate, exists and the value is dependent on signal energy per bit to noise power spectral density ratio (SNR), and is affected slightly by the delay power spectrum shapes. In this paper, one-sided exponential, Gaussian and double spike shapes are treated as delay power spectrum shapes. On the average BER characteristics due to delay spread with fixed α, BT and kopt corresponding to α, the delay power spectrum shape is of no importance for τ0/T0.06. For τ0/T0.06, in the case of double spike delay power spectrum, BER is less than that for the other two spectral shapes. By making use of the selection diversity with 2-branch and predetection filter with optimum BT product, SNR can be improved by 16dB at the average BER of 10-4.