Fundamental Experiment of a Rectenna Array for Microwave Power Reception

Takeo ITO
Yoshiyuki FUJINO
Masaharu FUJITA

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E76-B    No.12    pp.1508-1513
Publication Date: 1993/12/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on 1992 Internatioal Symposium on Antennas and Propagation)
rectenna,  microwave power transmission,  wireless power transmission,  

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A rectenna element applicable to Stratosphere Radio Relay System was proposed and a fundamental microwave power transmission experiment was carried out at 2.45GHz using a rectenna array manufactured based on the proposal. The rectenna element consists of a circular microstrip patch and a rectifying circuit of novel balanced-type design. The circuit allows to mount a rectifier and circuit components just on one side of a substrate without through holes, and hence it must be easy to manufacture a rectenna even having a large aperture. It was verified by a preliminary experiment that the rectifying circuit can provide more than 1 W of DC output power using 8 Shottky diodes as a rectifier with microwave-DC conversion efficiency of 67%. Then, DC output power of 4W was obtained from the 4-element rectenna array in the microwave power transmission experiment carried out in a radio anechoic chamber. The data showed a feasibility of practical application of the microwave power transmission technique.