Detection of Objects Buried in Sandy Ground by a Synthetic Aperture FM-CW Radar

Yoshio YAMAGUCHI  Masakazu SENGOKU  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E76-B   No.10   pp.1297-1304
Publication Date: 1993/10/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Radar Technology)
Category: Subsurface Radar
radio applications,  FM-CW radar,  SAR,  underground radar,  

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An FM-CW radar system for the detection of objects buried in sandy ground is explored and is applied to a field measurement. The key factors for underground FM-CW radar performance are the center frequency and bandwidth determining the depth at which the radar can detect targets and the resolution in the range direction. In order for FM-CW radar sounding, two ridged horn antennas are employed in the system, which are operative in the frequency range of 250-1000MHz. The impedance matching to the ground is optimized by measuring the echo strength from a fixed target as a function of the spacing interval between the antenna aperture and the ground surface. It is shown that the radar with an output power of 18dBm could detect a metallic plate (30100cm) and a pipe (10cmφ) buried at the depth of 1.2m. Also the synthetic aperture technique together with an averaging and subtracting method produced fine image in shallow region up to 100cm in the sandy ground.