Array Structure Using Basic Wiring Channels for WSI Hypercube

Hideo ITO   

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E75-D   No.6   pp.884-893
Publication Date: 1992/11/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Fault Tolerant Computing
wafer-scale integration,  hypercube,  array,  basic channel,  defect,  

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A new design method is proposed for realizing a hypercube network (HC) structured multicomputer system on a wafer using wafer-scale integration (WSI). The probability that an HC can be constructed on a wafer is higher in this method than in the conventional method; this probavility is called a construction probability. We adopt the FUSS method for the processor (PE) address allocation in our desing because it has a high success probability in the allocation. Even if the design renders the address allocation success probalility hegher, it is of no use if it makes either the maximum wiring length between PEs or the array size (wiring area) larger. A new wiring channel structure capable of connecting PEs on a wafer is proposed in this paper, where a channel, called a basic channel, is used. A one-dimensional-array sub-HC row network (RN) or column networks (CN) can be constructed using the basic channel. The sub-HC construction method, which embeds wirings into the basic channel, is also proposed. It requires almost the same wiring width as conventional method. However, it has an advantage in that maximum wiring length between PEs can be about half that of the conventional method. If PEs must be shifted in the case of PE defects, they can be shifted and connected to the basic channel using other PE shifting channels, and an RN or CN can be constructed. The maximum wiring length between PEs, array size, and construction probability will also be derived, and it will be shown that the proposed design is superior to the conventional one.