Summary: We propose two types of public-key cryptographic schemes based on elliptic curves modulo n, where n is the product of secret large primes p and q. The RSA-type scheme has an encryption function with an odd multiplier. The Rabin-type scheme has an encryption function with a multiplier of 2. The security of the proposed schemes is based on the difficulty of factoring n. Other security characteristics are also discussed. We show some applications to a master key scheme and blind signature scheme.