An Extremely Accurate Quadrature Modulator IC Using Phase Detection Method and Its Application to Multilevel QAM Systems

Nobuaki IMAI
Hiroyuki KIKUCHI

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E75-C    No.6    pp.674-682
Publication Date: 1992/06/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on MMIC Technology)
quadrature modulator,  multilevel QAM,  modulation phase error,  phase shifter,  silicon bipolar,  

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An extremely accurate and very wide-band quadrature modulator IC fabricated on a single chip using bipolar technology is presented. The characteristics of this quadrature modulator IC are much superior to conventional ones (modulation phase error and deviation from quadrature is about 1/10), and this IC is applicable to high modulation schemes such as 256 QAM. In this circuit, the phase difference between local signals input to each of two balanced modulators is detected by a phase detector, and a variable phase shifter in the local port is controlled automatically by the detected signals. This, along with the use of a wide-band variable phase shifter, enables the phase difference between the local signals input to the balanced modulators to be adaptively controlled to 90 degrees in wide frequency bands. In addition, a design method for the balanced modulators to obtain small modulation phase error is described. Based on this design method, a highly accurate quadrature modulator IC was fabricated, in which two balanced modulators, the phase detector, and the variable phase shifter were integrated on a single chip. Phase deviation from quadrature in the local signals was reduced to less than 0.3 degrees in the wide frequency bands of more tham 60 MHz. The modulation phase error of the balanced modulators wes less than 0.2 degrees at 140 MHz, and less than 2.5 degrees at up to 1.3 GHz.