Glass Waveguide 1N Branching Devices

Ichiro TANAKA  Hiroshi WADA  Shiro SATO  Kenichi NAKAMA  Hideki HASHIZUME  Shigeru KOBAYASHI  Masafumi SEKI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E75-B   No.9   pp.886-893
Publication Date: 1992/09/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Fiber-Optic Subscriber Loop)
waveguides,  branching devices,  glass,  fiber-optic networks,  

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We report on 1N branching devices for fiber-optic networks. A novel Y-pattern mask for loss reduction in branching waveguide has been investigated based on simulation. 18 branching waveguides fabricated by ion-exchange proved that the scattering loss at the branching region made with novel Y-pattern is reduced considerably. Pigtailing technique has been developed using glass fiber arrays (FAs). The fibers in FA are aligned precisely, so that all fibers can be easily and precisely put into alignment with the output ports in a branching waveguide chip at the same time. A glass plate is used for reinforcement which improves mechanical and thermal stability of the device. Reliability of packaged devices is being strongly demanded. Various reliability tests have been performed with packaged 18 branching devices and those results are presented.