An SNMP-Based Expert Network Management System

Glenn MANSFIELD  Makoto MURATA  Kenichi HIGUCHI  Krishnamachari JAYANTHI  Basabi CHAKRABORTY  Yoshiaki NEMOTO  Shoichi NOGUCHI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E75-B    No.8    pp.701-708
Publication Date: 1992/08/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on the 4th Japan-Korea Joint Conference on Communications, Networks, Switching Systems and Satellite Communications (4th JC-CNSS))
network management,  SNMP,  OSI networks,  TAINS,  expert systems,  

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In this paper we examine the architectural and operational design issues of a practical network management system using the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) in the context of a large-scale OSI-based campus-network TAINS. Various design aspects are examined and the importance of time-management is elicited. In the proposed design, intelligent, time-synchronised agents are deployed to collect information about the network segments to which they are attached. The manager talks to the agents and gathers relevant network information. This information is used by the expert network manager, in conjunction with a network knowledge base (NKB) and a management information knowledge base (MIKB) , to reconstruct the overall network-traffic characteristic, to evaluate the status of the network and to take/suggest some action. This model is particularly useful in networks where some global control, monitoring and management is desired and installing agents on all elements, connected to the network, is impossible. The use of time labels and narrow time windows enables the manager to obtain a reasonably accurate picture of the network status. The introduction of time-labelled composite objects in the Management Information Base (MIB) provides a means of reducing the load of management-related traffic on the network. The MIKB containing a logical description of the behaviour of the managed objects defined in the MIB, drives the expert system and provides the knowledge of general nature that a human expert has about networks. The proposed MIKB concept provides a very convenient schema for building the knowledge base in an expert network management system. Further since the MIKB is MIB-specific, it can be used in network management systems for managing similar MIB's.