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Optical Array Imaging System
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
Publication Date: 1992/07/25
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Multidimensional Signal Processing)
Category: Optical Signal Processing
multidimensional signal processing, signals and waves,
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An optical array imaging system is presented with basic experimental results. First, a remote object is illuminated with laser light at an angle and the reflected light is detected with an array sensor after interfering it with the reference light. This process is repeated by changing the illumination angle to collect a set of fringe patterns, which are A/D converted and stored in a harddisk in a computer. Then, the data are processed on a computer, first, to estimate the complex-amplitude object wave fields, second, to derive the eigenvector with the maximum eigenvalue for the correlation of the estimated object fields, and finally, to form an image of the object. The derivation of the eigenvector follows an iterative algorithm, which can be interpreted as the process of repeating backward wave propagation of the field between the two apertures illuminating and detecting laser light. The eigenvector field can be expected to backpropagate to focus at a point on the object with the maximum coefficient of reflection, so that a beam-steering operation is applied to the eigenvector to form an image of the object. The method uses only the information of the array data and the lateral spacings of the receiving array (CCD) elements. Hence, the method can give good images of objects even if the reference light is uncollimated with an unknown distorted wavefront, and even if the illuminating angles are imprecise in three dimensions. Basic experimental results clearly show the usefulness of the method.