Subband Coding of Super High Definition Images Using Entropy Coded Vector Quantization

Mitsuru NOMURA  Isao FURUKAWA  Tetsurou FUJII  Sadayasu ONO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E75-A   No.7   pp.861-870
Publication Date: 1992/07/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Multidimensional Signal Processing)
Category: Image Coding and Compression
image coding,  super high definition image,  subband coding,  vector quantization,  

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This paper discusses the bit-rate compression of super high definition still images with subband coding. Super high definition (SHD) images with more than 20482048 pixels or resolution are introduced as the next generation imaging system beyond HDTV. In order to develop bit-rate reduction algorithms, an image evaluation system for super high definition images is assembled. Signal characteristics are evaluated and the optimum subband analysis/synthesis system for the SHD images is clarified. A scalar quantization combined with run-length and Huffman coding is introduced as a conventional subband coding algorithm, and its coding performance is evaluated for SHD images. Finally, new coding algorithms based on block Huffman coding and entropy coded vector quantization are proposed. SNR improvement of 0.5 dB and 1.0 dB can be achieved with the proposed block Huffman coding and the vector quantization algorithm, respectively.