Surface Emitting Lasers and Parallel Operating Devices--Fundamentals and Prospects--

Kenichi IGA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E75-A   No.1   pp.12-19
Publication Date: 1992/01/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: INVITED PAPER (Joint Special Section on Fundamentals of Next Generation Opto-Technologies)
surface emitting laser,  optical interconnect,  2-D array laser,  

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In this paper we review the recent progress and basic technology of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers together with related parallel surface operating optical devices. First, the concept of surface emitting lasers is presented, and then currently developed device technologies will be reviewed. We will feature several technical issues, such as multi-layer structures, 2-dimensional arrays, photonic integration, etc. Lastly, future prospects for parallel lightwave systems will be discussed.