For Full-Text PDF, please login, if you are a member of IEICE,|
or go to Pay Per View on menu list, if you are a nonmember of IEICE.
Surface Emitting Lasers and Parallel Operating Devices--Fundamentals and Prospects--
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
Publication Date: 1992/01/25
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: INVITED PAPER (Joint Special Section on Fundamentals of Next Generation Opto-Technologies)
surface emitting laser, optical interconnect, 2-D array laser,
Full Text: PDF(585.1KB)>>
In this paper we review the recent progress and basic technology of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers together with related parallel surface operating optical devices. First, the concept of surface emitting lasers is presented, and then currently developed device technologies will be reviewed. We will feature several technical issues, such as multi-layer structures, 2-dimensional arrays, photonic integration, etc. Lastly, future prospects for parallel lightwave systems will be discussed.