Active Noise Control: A Tutorial Review

Philip A. NELSON  Stephen J. ELLIOTT  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E75-A    No.11    pp.1541-1554
Publication Date: 1992/11/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section INVITED PAPER (Special Section on Acoustic System Modeling and Signal Processing)
noise,  sound,  active control,  

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A review is presented of the fundamental principles underlying modern techniques for the active control of acoustic noise. The basic physical principles are first dealt with in the context of the active control of free field radiation and the classical approaches to the problem are briefly discussed. The active control of sound fields in ducts and enclosures is also described and the inherent physical limitations of the technique are emphasised. Modern signal processing methods for realising feedforward control systems are also outlined and least squares formulations are presented which enable performance limits to be established and adaptive algorithms to be derived.