Waveform Estimation of Sound Sources in a Reverberant Environment with Inverse Filters

Kiyohito FUJII  Masato ABE  Toshio SONE  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E75-A   No.11   pp.1484-1492
Publication Date: 1992/11/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Acoustic System Modeling and Signal Processing)
Category: 
Keyword: 
sensor array,  waveform estimation,  reverberation room,  inverse filter,  iterative method,  

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Summary: 
This paper proposes a method to estimate the waveform of a specified sound source in a noisy and reverberant environment using a sensor array. Previously, we proposed an iterative method to estimate the waveform. However, in this method the effect of reflection sound reduces to 1/M, where M is the number of microphones. Therefore, to solve the reverberation problem, we propose a new method using inverse filters of the transfer functions from the sound sources to each microphone. First, the transfer function from each sound source to each microphone is measured by the cross-spectrum technique and each inverse filter is calculated by the QR method. Then the initially estimated waveform of a sound source is the averaged signal of the inverse filter outputs. Since this waveform still contains the effects of the other sound sources, the iterative technique is adopted to estimate the waveform more precisely, reducing the effects of the other sound and the reflection sound. Some computer simulations and experiments were carried out. The results show the effectiveness of our method.