3D-LSI Character Recognition Image Sensing Processor

Kazumasa KIOI  Toshiyuki SHINOZAKI  Shinji TOYOYAMA  Kazuhiko SHIRAKAWA  Koui OHTAKE  Shuhei TSUCHIMOTO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E74-C    No.2    pp.352-359
Publication Date: 1991/02/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: INVITED PAPER

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The application of 3D-LSIs for character recognition image sensing processors in described. Three-dimensional LSIs will achieve very high performance by exploiting the structural parallelism by way of the inherence parallelism of an algorithm. As the first step, the three-story structured image sensing processor was implemented integrating 210 pixel photodiodes and 10.4 thousand transistors on a 5.04 mm 11.20 mm die. It is able to sense 6 characters of image at the same time and recognize 64 kind of characters, those are alphabet in capital and lower case, Arabic numerals and some symbols, each consists of 5 7 bit matrix. A four-story structured image sensing processor, which is the second step for realizing the advanced image sensor, integrating 5040 pixel photodiodes and 0.22 million transistors on a 14.3 mm square single die is currently under implementation. The present chip allows 20 times larger degree of data parallelism and several 10 times higher speed of data matching than the previous chip. And some other advantages have been achieved in its functions. Before the implementation of the present chip, its test element circuits were fabricated successively and the functions of the circuit blocks were confirmed. Each floor of 0.6 µm thick SOI film was recrystallized with Ar laser irradiation by the M-shaped beam method with parallel groove structure. The grain boundaries and defects are confined within each ridge region and the defect free single crystal Si film, whose crystal orientation is aligned to the (100) silicon on the lower floor, is grown on each groove region. The maximum temperature of atmosphere during fabrication process was 900. Both chips are made of a number of simple processing elements working in parallel to speed up a computation. So far only several floors can be fabricated as a single die. However the technology has been steadily progressing. The real "intelligent" image sensing processor will be implemented in the near future with 3D integration technology.