Spread Spectrum for Consumer Communications--Applications of Spread Spectrum Communications in Japan--


IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E74-B   No.5   pp.1093-1102
Publication Date: 1991/05/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: INVITED PAPER (Special Issue on Spread Spectrum Techniques and Its Applications)

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The recent progress in communication devices has reduced the cost of spread spectrum systems that have been mainly used in the military field, enabling the possibility of using spread spectrum systems for nonmilitary use. Nonmilitary communication networks are classified into two categories: public communication networks and consumer communication networks. At the present, the public communication network share is much larger than that of the consumer communication networks. Both of them will increase; however, the consumer communication network share will be comparable to the public one. The progress of consumer communications is due to inexpensiveness (without charge), user privacy, free design from regulations and advantages of local and small zone communications. To overcome fading, power restrictions, interference and interception is very important for its progress, One of the key technologies of consumer communications is the spread spectrum. Consumer communication networks are characterized by user possession of the network itself in addition to the possession of personal terminals. From the viewpoint of analogy between communication networks and transportation networks, "from public to individual" seems to be today's trend. Several spread spectrum applications for consumer communications in Japan have been introduced as follows: a home security system using power line communication as a wire spread spectrum communication system; a data carrier, a radio remote control, low-power radio systems and a clock rate modulation system as radio spread spectrum communication systems. In addition SAW device applications and digital signal processing applications are introduced.