Spatial Image Transmission Characteristics in the Graded-Index Optical Fiber

Khalil KALANTARI  Yasumitsu MIYAZAKI  Masami ITO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS (1976-1990)   Vol.E70   No.11   pp.1140-1149
Publication Date: 1987/11/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0000-0000
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Electro-Optics

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The two-dimensional spatial image transmission characteristics of the optical graded-index fiber with a refractive index distribution including fourth and sixth order terms in the core region are investigated. Since the GRIN fiber for image transmission has a large core radius, the most field is tightly confined to the center of the core. The effect of the core-clad interface on the image transmission characteristics is approximately evaluated. Therefore the GRIN fiber is assumed to have an infinitely-extended index profile. The propagation constants and the electric field distributions in the core region are strongly affected by the coefficient of the fourth order term, D4, but, are only slightly affected by the sixth order term. The optimum value of D4 is found to be 0.8, because the deviation of the difference between the propagation constants of the two consecutive modes becomes minimum. For the graded-index fiber with D40.8, the on-axis and off-axis transmission characteristics show that the two dimensional image can be transmitted for a length of more than 50 m and the beam waist of the output image becomes 1.3 times of that of the input for spatial impulse image signal.