PPW Curves: a C2 Interpolating Spline with Hyperbolic Blending of Rational Bézier Curves

Seung-Tak NOH
Hiroki HARADA
Xi YANG
Tsukasa FUKUSATO
Takeo IGARASHI

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E105-D    No.10    pp.1704-1711
Publication Date: 2022/10/01
Publicized: 2022/05/26
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2022PCP0006
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Picture Coding and Image Media Processing)
Category: 
Keyword: 
parametric curves,  C2 interpolating splines,  hyperbolic blending,  

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Summary: 
It is important to consider curvature properties around the control points to produce natural-looking results in the vector illustration. C2 interpolating splines satisfy point interpolation with local support. Unfortunately, they cannot control the sharpness of the segment because it utilizes trigonometric function as blending function that has no degree of freedom. In this paper, we alternate the definition of C2 interpolating splines in both interpolation curve and blending function. For the interpolation curve, we adopt a rational Bézier curve that enables the user to tune the shape of curve around the control point. For the blending function, we generalize the weighting scheme of C2 interpolating splines and replace the trigonometric weight to our novel hyperbolic blending function. By extending this basic definition, we can also handle exact non-C2 features, such as cusps and fillets, without losing generality. In our experiment, we provide both quantitative and qualitative comparisons to existing parametric curve models and discuss the difference among them.