Analyses of Transient Energy Deposition in Biological Bodies Exposed to Electromagnetic Pulses Using Parameter Extraction Method

Katsumi FUJII
Yukihisa SUZUKI
Kanako WAKE

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E105-B    No.6    pp.694-706
Publication Date: 2022/06/01
Publicized: 2021/12/29
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2021ISI0003
Type of Manuscript: Special Section INVITED PAPER (Special Section on Recent Progress in Antennas and Propagation in Conjunction with Main Topics of ISAP2020)
specific energy absorption,  Cole-Cole model,  finite-difference time-domain,  electromagnetic pulse,  

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In this study, we develop a numerical method for determining transient energy deposition in biological bodies exposed to electromagnetic (EM) pulses. We use a newly developed frequency-dependent finite-difference time-domain (FD2TD) method, which is combined with the fast inverse Laplace transform (FILT) and Prony method. The FILT and Prony method are utilized to transform the Cole-Cole model of biological media into a sum of multiple Debye relaxation terms. Parameters of Debye terms are then extracted by comparison with the time-domain impulse responses. The extracted parameters are used in an FDTD formulation, which is derived using the auxiliary differential equation method, and transient energy deposition into a biological medium is calculated by the equivalent circuit method. The validity of our proposed method is demonstrated by comparing numerical results and those derived from an analytical method. Finally, transient energy deposition into human heads of TARO and HANAKO models is then calculated using the proposed method and, physical insights into pulse exposures of the human heads are provided.