Experiment of Integrated Technologies in Robotics, Network, and Computing for Smart Agriculture

Ryota ISHIBASHI
Takuma TSUBAKI
Shingo OKADA
Hiroshi YAMAMOTO
Takeshi KUWAHARA
Kenichi KAWAMURA
Keisuke WAKAO
Takatsune MORIYAMA
Ricardo OSPINA
Hiroshi OKAMOTO
Noboru NOGUCHI

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E105-B    No.4    pp.364-378
Publication Date: 2022/04/01
Publicized: 2021/11/05
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2021WWI0001
Type of Manuscript: Special Section INVITED PAPER (Special Section on Wired-and-Wireless Network System Technologies in Beyond 5G Era)
Category: 
Keyword: 
smart agriculture,  robot vehicle,  autonomous driving,  wireless network quality prediction,  overlay network,  image processing,  IOWN,  

Full Text: FreePDF

Summary: 
To sustain and expand the agricultural economy even as its workforce shrinks, the efficiency of farm operations must be improved. One key to efficiency improvement is completely unmanned driving of farm machines, which requires stable monitoring and control of machines from remote sites, a safety system to ensure safe autonomous driving even without manual operations, and precise positioning in not only small farm fields but also wider areas. As possible solutions for those issues, we have developed technologies of wireless network quality prediction, an end-to-end overlay network, machine vision for safety and positioning, network cooperated vehicle control and autonomous tractor control and conducted experiments in actual field environments. Experimental results show that: 1) remote monitoring and control can be seamlessly continued even when connection between the tractor and the remote site needs to be switched across different wireless networks during autonomous driving; 2) the safety of the autonomous driving can automatically be ensured by detecting both the existence of people in front of the unmanned tractor and disturbance of network quality affecting remote monitoring operation; and 3) the unmanned tractor can continue precise autonomous driving even when precise positioning by satellite systems cannot be performed.