Base Station Cooperation Technologies Using 28GHz-Band Digital Beamforming in High-Mobility Environments

Nobuhide NONAKA
Satoshi SUYAMA
Yukihiko OKUMURA
Takahiro ASAI

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E104-B    No.9    pp.1009-1016
Publication Date: 2021/09/01
Publicized: 2021/03/23
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2020FGP0013
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Technology Trials and Proof-of-Concept Activities for 5G Evolution and Beyond)
5G evolution,  millimeter-wave,  high-mobility environment,  digital BF,  BS cooperation technology,  

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The fifth-generation (5G) mobile communications system initially introduced massive multiple-input multiple-output (M-MIMO) with analog beamforming (BF) to compensate for the larger path-loss in millimeter-wave (mmW) bands. To solve a coverage issue and support high mobility of the mmW bands, base station (BS) cooperation technologies have been investigated in high-mobility environments. However, previous works assume one mobile station (MS) scenario and analog BF that does not suppress interference among MSs. In order to improve system performance in the mmW bands, fully digital BF that includes digital precoding should be employed to suppress the interference even when MSs travel in high mobility. This paper proposes two mmW BS cooperation technologies that are inter-baseband unit (inter-BBU) and intra-BBU cooperation for the fully digital BF. The inter-BBU cooperation exploits two M-MIMO antennas in two BBUs connected to one central unit by limited-bandwidth fronthaul, and the intra-BBU cooperates two M-MIMO antennas connected to one BBU with Doppler frequency shift compensation. This paper verifies effectiveness of the BS cooperation technologies by both computer simulations and outdoor experimental trials. First, it is shown that that the intra-BBU cooperation can achieve an excellent transmission performance in cases of two and four MSs moving at a velocity of 90km/h by computer simulations. Second, the outdoor experimental trials clarifies that the inter-BBU cooperation maintains the maximum throughput in a wider area than non-BS cooperation when only one MS moves at a maximum velocity of 120km/h.