Creation of Temporal Model for Prioritized Transmission in Predictive Spatial-Monitoring Using Machine Learning

Keiichiro SATO  Ryoichi SHINKUMA  Takehiro SATO  Eiji OKI  Takanori IWAI  Takeo ONISHI  Takahiro NOBUKIYO  Dai KANETOMO  Kozo SATODA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E104-B    No.8    pp.951-960
Publication Date: 2021/08/01
Publicized: 2021/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2020EBP3175
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Network
Keyword: 
predictive spatial-monitoring,  machine learning,  feature selection,  temporal model,  

Full Text: FreePDF

Summary: 
Predictive spatial-monitoring, which predicts spatial information such as road traffic, has attracted much attention in the context of smart cities. Machine learning enables predictive spatial-monitoring by using a large amount of aggregated sensor data. Since the capacity of mobile networks is strictly limited, serious transmission delays occur when loads of communication traffic are heavy. If some of the data used for predictive spatial-monitoring do not arrive on time, prediction accuracy degrades because the prediction has to be done using only the received data, which implies that data for prediction are ‘delay-sensitive’. A utility-based allocation technique has suggested modeling of temporal characteristics of such delay-sensitive data for prioritized transmission. However, no study has addressed temporal model for prioritized transmission in predictive spatial-monitoring. Therefore, this paper proposes a scheme that enables the creation of a temporal model for predictive spatial-monitoring. The scheme is roughly composed of two steps: the first involves creating training data from original time-series data and a machine learning model that can use the data, while the second step involves modeling a temporal model using feature selection in the learning model. Feature selection enables the estimation of the importance of data in terms of how much the data contribute to prediction accuracy from the machine learning model. This paper considers road-traffic prediction as a scenario and shows that the temporal models created with the proposed scheme can handle real spatial datasets. A numerical study demonstrated how our temporal model works effectively in prioritized transmission for predictive spatial-monitoring in terms of prediction accuracy.