Time-Series Measurement of Parked Domain Names and Their Malicious Uses

Takayuki TOMATSURI  Daiki CHIBA  Mitsuaki AKIYAMA  Masato UCHIDA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E104-B    No.7    pp.770-780
Publication Date: 2021/07/01
Publicized: 2021/01/08
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2020CQP0007
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Future Directions of Research and Development on Communication Quality)
domain parking,  malicious domain names,  time-series measurement,  

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On the Internet, there are lots of unused domain names that are not used for any actual services. Domain parking is a monetization mechanism for displaying online advertisements in such unused domain names. Some domain names used in cyber attacks are known to leverage domain parking services after the attack. However, the temporal relationships between domain parking services and malicious domain names have not been studied well. In this study, we investigated how malicious domain names using domain parking services change over time. We conducted a large-scale measurement study of more than 66.8 million domain names that have used domain parking services in the past 19 months. We reveal the existence of 3,964 domain names that have been malicious after using domain parking. We further identify what types of malicious activities (e.g., phishing and malware) such malicious domain names tend to be used for. We also reveal the existence of 3.02 million domain names that utilized multiple parking services simultaneously or while switching between them. Our study can contribute to the efficient analysis of malicious domain names using domain parking services.