A Study on Decoupling Method for Two PIFAs Using Parasitic Elements and Bridge Line

Quang Quan PHUNG  Tuan Hung NGUYEN  Naobumi MICHISHITA  Hiroshi SATO  Yoshio KOYANAGI  Hisashi MORISHITA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E104-B   No.6   pp.630-638
Publication Date: 2021/06/01
Publicized: 2020/12/22
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2020EBP3048
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Antennas and Propagation
PIFAs,  parasitic elements,  bridge line,  decoupling,  

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In this study, a novel decoupling method using parasitic elements (PEs) connected by a bridge line (BL) for two planar inverted-F antennas (PIFAs) is proposed. The proposed method is developed from a well-known decoupling method that uses a BL to directly connect antenna elements. When antenna elements are connected directly by a BL, strong mutual coupling can be reduced, but the resonant frequency shifts to a different frequency. Hence, to shift the resonant frequency toward the desired frequency, the original size of the antenna elements must be adjusted. This is disadvantageous if the method is applied in cases where the design conditions render it difficult to connect the antennas directly or adjust the original antenna size. Therefore, to easily reduce mutual coupling in such a case, a decoupling method that does not require both connecting antennas directly and adjusting the original antenna size is necessitated. This study demonstrates that using PEs connected by a BL reduces the mutual coupling from -6.6 to -14.1dB, and that the resonant frequency is maintained at the desired frequency (2.0GHz) without having to adjust the original PIFAs size. In addition, impedance matching can be adjusted to the desired frequency, resulting in an improved total antenna efficiency from 77.4% to 94.6%. This method is expected to be a simple and effective approach for reducing the mutual coupling between larger numbers of PIFA elements in the future.