Efficient Polling Communications for Multi-Hop Networks Based on Receiver-Initiated MAC Protocol

Hiroshi HARADA

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E104-B    No.5    pp.550-562
Publication Date: 2021/05/01
Publicized: 2020/11/13
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2020EBP3095
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Terrestrial Wireless Communication/Broadcasting Technologies
Wi-SUN,  F-RIT,  multi-hop,  polling,  routing,  

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In this paper, we propose two schemes that improve the delay and the current consumption for efficient polling communications in multi-hop networks based on the receiver-initiated media access control (MAC) protocol. Polling communications can offer reliable data collection by avoiding communication collisions, but the larger delay and current consumption for the round-trip operation should be improved. The first proposal is an enhanced source routing scheme for downlink communications. In the proposed scheme, multiple candidates of relay terminals can be loaded in the routing information, so the route is not specified uniquely. The improvement of the delay and the current consumption is achieved by shortening the waiting time for communication timings based on the flexible routing. The second proposal is a round-trip delay reduction scheme which focuses on the bi-directionality of polling communications. The proposed scheme reduces the round-trip delay by offering frequent communication timings for uplink communications. Also, this paper proposes the joint application of the enhanced source routing scheme and the round-trip delay reduction scheme in polling communications. Computer simulations that suppose a multi-hop network based on the feathery receiver-initiated transmission (F-RIT) protocol in stable channel conditions are carried out. The results show the effectiveness of the proposed schemes in improving the delay and the current consumption. When the polling interval is 900s, the combination of the two proposed schemes improves the round-trip delay by up to 44.1% and the current consumption by up to 38.7% in average.