Multi Modulus Signal Adaptation for Semi-Blind Uplink Interference Suppression on Multicell Massive MIMO Systems

Chang-Jun AHN

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E104-B    No.2    pp.158-168
Publication Date: 2021/02/01
Publicized: 2020/08/18
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2020EBT0002
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Antennas and Propagation
massive MIMO,  multicell,  pilot contamination,  multi modulus algorithm,  channel estimation,  decision feedback,  beamspace,  minimum mean square error,  

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This paper expands our previously proposed semi-blind uplink interference suppression scheme for multicell multiuser massive MIMO systems to support multi modulus signals. The original proposal applies the channel state information (CSI) aided blind adaptive array (BAA) interference suppression after the beamspace preprocessing and the decision feedback channel estimation (DFCE). BAA is based on the constant modulus algorithm (CMA) which can fully exploit the degree of freedom (DoF) of massive antenna arrays to suppress both inter-user interference (IUI) and inter-cell interference (ICI). Its effectiveness has been verified under the extensive pilot contamination constraint. Unfortunately, CMA basically works well only for constant envelope signals such as QPSK and thus the proposed scheme should be expanded to cover QAM signals for more general use. This paper proposes to apply the multi modulus algorithm (MMA) and the minimum mean square error weight derivation based on data-aided sample matrix inversion (MMSE-SMI). It can successfully realize interference suppression even with the use of multi-level envelope signals such as 16QAM with satisfactorily outage probability performance below the fifth percentile.