Conditional Information Leakage Given Eavesdropper's Received Signals in Wiretap Channels


IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E104-A   No.1   pp.295-304
Publication Date: 2021/01/01
Publicized: 2020/07/08
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.2020EAP1017
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Information Theory
wiretap channel,  information-theoretic security,  information leakage,  

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Information leakage in Wyner's wiretap channel model is usually defined as the mutual information between the secret message and the eavesdropper's received signal. We define a new quantity called “conditional information leakage given the eavesdropper's received signals,” which expresses the amount of information that an eavesdropper gains from his/her received signal. A benefit of introducing this quantity is that we can develop a fast algorithm for computing the conditional information leakage, which has linear complexity in the code length n, while the complexity for computing the usual information leakage is exponential in n. Validity of such a conditional information leakage as a security criterion is confirmed by studying the cases of binary symmetric channels and binary erasure channels.