Knowledge Integration by Probabilistic Argumentation

Saung Hnin Pwint OO  Nguyen Duy HUNG  Thanaruk THEERAMUNKONG  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E103-D   No.8   pp.1843-1855
Publication Date: 2020/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2019EDP7270
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Artificial Intelligence, Data Mining
Keyword: 
knowledge integration,  probabilistic argumentation,  probabilistic graphical models and rules,  

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Summary: 
While existing inference engines solved real world problems using probabilistic knowledge representation, one challenging task is to efficiently utilize the representation under a situation of uncertainty during conflict resolution. This paper presents a new approach to straightforwardly combine a rule-based system (RB) with a probabilistic graphical inference framework, i.e., naïve Bayesian network (BN), towards probabilistic argumentation via a so-called probabilistic assumption-based argumentation (PABA) framework. A rule-based system (RB) formalizes its rules into defeasible logic under the assumption-based argumentation (ABA) framework while the Bayesian network (BN) provides probabilistic reasoning. By knowledge integration, while the former provides a solid testbed for inference, the latter helps the former to solve persistent conflicts by setting an acceptance threshold. By experiments, effectiveness of this approach on conflict resolution is shown via an example of liver disorder diagnosis.