Android Malware Detection Scheme Based on Level of SSL Server Certificate

Hiroya KATO  Shuichiro HARUTA  Iwao SASASE  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E103-D   No.2   pp.379-389
Publication Date: 2020/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2019EDP7119
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Dependable Computing
Android malwares,  SSL certificate,  machine learning,  

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Detecting Android malwares is imperative. As a promising Android malware detection scheme, we focus on the scheme leveraging the differences of traffic patterns between benign apps and malwares. Those differences can be captured even if the packet is encrypted. However, since such features are just statistic based ones, they cannot identify whether each traffic is malicious. Thus, it is necessary to design the scheme which is applicable to encrypted traffic data and supports identification of malicious traffic. In this paper, we propose an Android malware detection scheme based on level of SSL server certificate. Attackers tend to use an untrusted certificate to encrypt malicious payloads in many cases because passing rigorous examination is required to get a trusted certificate. Thus, we utilize SSL server certificate based features for detection since their certificates tend to be untrusted. Furthermore, in order to obtain the more exact features, we introduce required permission based weight values because malwares inevitably require permissions regarding malicious actions. By computer simulation with real dataset, we show our scheme achieves an accuracy of 92.7%. True positive rate and false positive rate are 5.6% higher and 3.2% lower than the previous scheme, respectively. Our scheme can cope with encrypted malicious payloads and 89 malwares which are not detected by the previous scheme.