Feasibility of Electric Double-Layer Coupler for Wireless Power Transfer under Seawater

Kousuke MURAI

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E103-C    No.6    pp.308-316
Publication Date: 2020/06/01
Publicized: 2020/01/15
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.2019ECP5033
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Microwaves, Millimeter-Waves
wireless power transmission,  underwater technology,  Q factor,  coupler,  coupling circuit,  

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This paper presents the feasibility of a capacitive coupler utilizing an electric double layer for wireless power transfer under seawater. Since seawater is an electrolyte solution, an electric double layer (EDL) is formed on the electrode surface of the coupler in direct current. If the EDL can be utilized in radio frequency, it is possible that high power transfer efficiency can be achieved under seawater because a high Q-factor can be obtained. To clarify this, the following steps need taking; First, measure the frequency characteristics of the complex permittivity in seawater and elucidate the behaviors of the EDL from the results. Second, clarify that EDL leads to an improvement in the Q-factor of seawater. It will be shown in this paper that capacitive coupling by EDL occurs using two kinds of the coupler models. Third, design a coupler with high efficiency as measured by the Q-factor and relative permittivity of EDL. Last, demonstrate that the designed coupler under seawater can achieve over 85% efficiency at a transfer distance of 5 mm and feasibility of the coupler with EDL.