System Performance Comparison of 3D Charge-Trap TLC NAND Flash and 2D Floating-Gate MLC NAND Flash Based SSDs

Chihiro MATSUI

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E103-C    No.4    pp.161-170
Publication Date: 2020/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.2019CDP0005
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Solid-State Circuit Design — Architecture, Circuit, Device and Design Methodology)
Category: Integrated Electronics
solid-state drive,  storage class memory,  3D NAND flash memory,  TLC NAND flash memory,  

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This paper analyzes the system-level performance of Storage Class Memory (SCM)/NAND flash hybrid solid-state drives (SSDs) and SCM/NAND flash/NAND flash tri-hybrid SSDs in difference types of NAND flash memory. There are several types of NAND flash memory, i.e. 2-dimensional (2D) or 3-dimensional (3D), charge-trap type (CT) and floating-gate type (FG) and multi-level cell (MLC) or triple-level cell (TLC). In this paper, the following four types of NAND flash memory are analyzed: 1) 3D CT TLC, 2) 3D FG TLC, 3) 2D FG TLC, and 4) 2D FG MLC NAND flash. Regardless of read- and write-intensive workloads, SCM/NAND flash hybrid SSD with low cost 3D CT TLC NAND flash achieves the best performance that is 20% higher than that with higher cost 2D FG MLC NAND flash. The performance improvement of 3D CT TLC NAND flash can be obtained by the short write latency. On the other hand, in case of tri-hybrid SSD, SCM/3D CT TLC/3D CT TLC NAND flash tri-hybrid SSD improves the performance 102% compared to SCM/2D FG MLC/3D CT TLC NAND flash tri-hybrid SSD. In addition, SCM/2D FG MLC/2D FG MLC NAND flash tri-hybrid SSD shows 49% lower performance than SCM/2D FG MLC/3D CT TLC NAND flash tri-hybrid SSD. Tri-hybrid SSD flash with 3D CT TLC NAND flash is the best performance in tri-hybrid SSD thanks to larger block size and word-line (WL) write. Therefore, in 3D CT TLC NAND flash based SSDs, higher cost MLC NAND flash is not necessary for hybrid SSD and tri-hybrid SSD for data center applications.