Weight Compression MAC Accelerator for Effective Inference of Deep Learning

Asuka MAKI  Daisuke MIYASHITA  Shinichi SASAKI  Kengo NAKATA  Fumihiko TACHIBANA  Tomoya SUZUKI  Jun DEGUCHI  Ryuichi FUJIMOTO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E103-C    No.10    pp.514-523
Publication Date: 2020/10/01
Publicized: 2020/05/15
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.2019CTP0007
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Analog Circuits and Their Application Technologies)
Category: Integrated Electronics
Keyword: 
deep learning,  convolutional neural network,  quantization,  variable bit width,  post-training,  inference,  accelerator,  processor,  FPGA,  

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Summary: 
Many studies of deep neural networks have reported inference accelerators for improved energy efficiency. We propose methods for further improving energy efficiency while maintaining recognition accuracy, which were developed by the co-design of a filter-by-filter quantization scheme with variable bit precision and a hardware architecture that fully supports it. Filter-wise quantization reduces the average bit precision of weights, so execution times and energy consumption for inference are reduced in proportion to the total number of computations multiplied by the average bit precision of weights. The hardware utilization is also improved by a bit-parallel architecture suitable for granularly quantized bit precision of weights. We implement the proposed architecture on an FPGA and demonstrate that the execution cycles are reduced to 1/5.3 for ResNet-50 on ImageNet in comparison with a conventional method, while maintaining recognition accuracy.