Method for Defining APD-Based Emission Limit for Electromagnetic Pulsed Disturbance with Low Probability of Occurrence

Akihiro ODA
Kazuhiro TAKAYA

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E103-B    No.9    pp.911-921
Publication Date: 2020/09/01
Publicized: 2020/04/08
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2019MCP0003
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Electromagnetic Compatibility in Conjunction with EMC Sapporo and APEMC 2019)
impulsive disturbance,  amplitude probability distribution,  block error rate,  

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A method of determining emission limits was studied by using the amplitude probability distribution (APD) for low-probability pulsed electromagnetic disturbances due to discharge. The features of this method are 1) without using the previously reported relationship between APD and bit error rate, the limits are derived using the measured impact of a pulsed disturbance on various wireless communication systems having different bandwidths, and 2) disturbances caused by discharge with poor reproducibility are simulated by regularly repeated pulse-modulated sine waves to enable stable evaluation of the communication quality. APD-based limits are determined from the pulse repetition frequency of the simulated disturbance such that the block error rate (BLER) is less than a certain limit in wireless systems that are most sensitive to the pulsed disturbance. In the international standard CISPR 32 regulating electromagnetic disturbance, radiated disturbance due to discharge is excluded from the application of peak detection limits because of its low occurrence probability. In this paper we quantitatively determine appropriate criteria of the probability for the exclusion. Using the method, we measured the impact of low-probability pulsed interference on major wireless systems and found that GSM and Wi-Fi systems were the most sensitive. New APD-based limits were derived on the basis of these findings. The APD-based limits determined by the proposed method enable a valid evaluation of low-occurrence-probability pulsed disturbances without unconditionally excluding the measurement.