Method of Measuring Conducted Noise Voltage with a Floating Measurement System to Ground

Naruto ARAI  Ken OKAMOTO  Jun KATO  Yoshiharu AKIYAMA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E103-B   No.9   pp.903-910
Publication Date: 2020/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2019MCP0001
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Electromagnetic Compatibility in Conjunction with EMC Sapporo and APEMC 2019)
Category: 
Keyword: 
EMC,  voltage measurement,  ground capacitance measurement,  unsymmetric voltage,  

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Summary: 
This paper describes a method of measuring the unsymmetric voltage of conducted noise using a floating measurement system. Here, floating means that there is no physical connection to the reference ground. The method works by correcting the measured voltage to the desired unsymmetric voltage using the capacitance between the measurement instrument and the reference ground plane acting as the return path of the conducted electromagnetic noise. The existing capacitance measurement instrument needs a probe in contact with the ground, so it is difficult to use for on-site measurement of stray capacitance to ground at troubleshooting sites where the ground plane is not exposed or no ground connection point is available. The authors have developed a method of measuring stray capacitance to ground that does not require physical connection of the probe to the ground plane. The developed method can be used to estimate the capacitance between the measurement instrument and ground plane even if the distance and relative permittivity of the space are unknown. And a method is proposed for correcting the voltage measured with the floating measurement system to obtain the unsymmetric voltage of the noise by using the measured capacitance to ground. In the experiment, the unsymmetric voltage of a sinusoidal wave transmitting on a co-axial cable was measured with a floating oscilloscope in a shield room and the measured voltage was corrected to within 2dB of expected voltage by using the capacitance measured with the developed method. In addition, the voltage of a rectangular wave measured with the floating oscilloscope, which displays sag caused by the stray capacitance to ground, was corrected to a rectangular wave without sag. This means that the phase of the unsymmetric voltage can also be corrected by the measured stray capacitance. From these results, the effectiveness of the proposed methods is shown.