Dual-Polarized Metasurface Using Multi-Layer Ceramic Capacitors for Radar Cross Section Reduction

Thanh-Binh NGUYEN  Naoyuki KINAI  Naobumi MICHISHITA  Hisashi MORISHITA  Teruki MIYAZAKI  Masato TADOKORO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E103-B   No.8   pp.852-859
Publication Date: 2020/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2019EBP3196
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Electromagnetic Compatibility(EMC)
dual-polarized,  metasurface,  multi-layer ceramic capacitor,  radar cross section,  monostatic RCS,  bistatic RCS,  

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This paper proposes a dual-polarized metasurface that utilizes multi-layer ceramic capacitors (MLCCs) for radar cross-section (RCS) reduction in the 28GHz band of the quasi-millimeter band. MLCCs are very small in size; therefore, miniaturization of the unit cell structure of the metamaterial can be expected, and the MLCCs can be periodically loaded onto a narrow object. First, the MLCC structure was modeled as a basic structure, and the effective permeability of the MLCC was determined to investigate the influence of the arrangement direction on MLCC interaction. Next, the unit cell structure of the dual-polarized metasurface was designed for an MLCC set on a dielectric substrate. By analyzing the infinite periodic structure and finite structure, the monostatic reduction characteristics, oblique incidence characteristics, and dual-polarization characteristics of the proposed metasurface were evaluated. In the case of the MLCCs arranged in the same direction, the monostatic RCS reduction was approximately 30dB at 29.8GHz, and decreased when the MLCCs were arranged in a checkerboard pattern. The monostatic RCS reductions for the 5 × 5, 10 × 10, and 20 × 20 divisions were roughly the same, i.e., 10.8, 9.9, and 10.3dB, respectively. Additionally, to validate the simulated results, the proposed dual-polarized metasurface was fabricated and measured. The measured results were found to approximately agree with the simulated results, confirming that the RCS can be reduced for dual-polarization operation.