PPLN-Based Low-Noise Phase Sensitive Amplification Using an Optical Phase-Locked Pump

Takushi KAZAMA
Takeshi UMEKI
Yasuhiro OKAMURA
Atsushi TAKADA

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E103-B    No.11    pp.1265-1271
Publication Date: 2020/11/01
Publicized: 2020/05/22
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2019OBP0005
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Joint Special Section on Opto-electronics and Communications for Future Optical Network)
phase sensitive amplifier,  periodically poled LiNbO3 waveguide,  noise figure,  

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We evaluated the noise properties of a periodically poled lithium niobite phase-sensitive amplifier (PSA) using a phase-locked local oscillator as a pump generated by an optical phase-locked loop (OPLL-LO). To examine whether or not the LO pump generated by an OPLL degrades the noise figure (NF) of the PSA, we compared the noise levels of a PSA using an OPLL-LO with that of one using a master local oscillator (M-LO) that utilizes the master light itself as a pump in the electrical domain. With the OPLL, the phase-locked local light had almost the same frequency noise components as the master light. We observed almost the same output noise spectra for the OPLL-LO PSA and M-LO PSA and confirmed the absence of excess noise components in the OPLL-LO PSA in the 0.1 to 20-GHz range. The OPLL-LO PSA exhibited low-noise amplification with an average NF of 1.7-dB at a 23.2-dB gain within an input power range of -31 to -21dBm, which is a feasible input power for repeater amplifiers used in the optical signal transmission systems. We also investigated the influence of the noisy master light, which emulates the accumulation of optical noise from the amplifiers in the transmission system. The OPLL-LO PSA was highly tolerant to the optical noise because the difference in the NF was negligibly small within a master light OSNR range of 5 to 55dB. These results indicate that the OPLL-LO PSA will be useful as a low-noise repeater amplifier for the spectrally efficient large-capacity photonic networks of the future.