A Calibration Method for Linear Arrays in the Presence of Gain-Phase Errors

Zheng DAI  Weimin SU  Hong GU  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E103-A   No.6   pp.841-844
Publication Date: 2020/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.2019EAL2160
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Analog Signal Processing
DOA estimation,  gain-phase errors,  errors calibration,  

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An offline sensor gain-phase errors calibration method for a linear array using a source in unknown location is proposed. The proposed method is realized through three steps. First, based on the observed covariance matrix, we construct a function related to direction, and it is proved that when the function takes the minimum value, the corresponding value should be the direction of the calibration source. Second, the direction of calibration source is estimated by locating the valley from the constructed function. Third, the gain-phase errors are obtained based on the estimated direction. The proposed method offers a number of advantages. First, the accurate direction measurement of the calibration source is not required. Second, only one calibration source needs to be arranged. Third, it does not require an iterative procedure or a two-dimensional (2D) spectral search. Fourth, the method is applicable to linear arrays, not only to uniform linear arrays (ULAs). Numerical simulations are presented to verify the efficacy of the proposed method.