Efficient Hybrid DOA Estimation for Massive Uniform Rectangular Array

Shiaw-Wu CHEN
Ann-Chen CHANG

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E103-A    No.6    pp.836-840
Publication Date: 2020/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.2019EAL2172
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Digital Signal Processing
direction of arrival,  massive antenna,  two-dimensional,  discrete Fourier transform,  Nyström approximation,  Taylor series expansion,  

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In this letter, an efficient hybrid direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation scheme is devised for massive uniform rectangular array. In this scheme, the DOA estimator based on a two-dimensional (2D) discrete Fourier transform is first applied to acquire coarse initial DOA estimates for single data snapshot. Then, the fine DOA is accurately estimated through using the iterative search estimator within a very small region. Meanwhile, a Nyström-based method is utilized to correctly compute the required noise-subspace projection matrix, avoiding the direct computation of full-dimensional sample correlation matrix and its eigenvalue decomposition. Therefore, the proposed scheme not only can estimate DOA, but also save computational cost, especially in massive antenna arrays scenarios. Simulation results are included to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed hybrid estimate scheme.