Vehicle Key Information Detection Algorithm Based on Improved SSD

Ende WANG  Yong LI  Yuebin WANG  Peng WANG  Jinlei JIAO  Xiaosheng YU  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E103-A   No.5   pp.769-779
Publication Date: 2020/05/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.2019EAP1135
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Intelligent Transport System
Keyword: 
vehicle information detection,  deep learning,  convolutional neural network,  target detection,  

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Summary: 
With the rapid development of technology and economy, the number of cars is increasing rapidly, which brings a series of traffic problems. To solve these traffic problems, the development of intelligent transportation systems are accelerated in many cities. While vehicles and their detailed information detection are great significance to the development of urban intelligent transportation system, the traditional vehicle detection algorithm is not satisfactory in the case of complex environment and high real-time requirement. The vehicle detection algorithm based on motion information is unable to detect the stationary vehicles in video. At present, the application of deep learning method in the task of target detection effectively improves the existing problems in traditional algorithms. However, there are few dataset for vehicles detailed information, i.e. driver, car inspection sign, copilot, plate and vehicle object, which are key information for intelligent transportation. This paper constructs a deep learning dataset containing 10,000 representative images about vehicles and their key information detection. Then, the SSD (Single Shot MultiBox Detector) target detection algorithm is improved and the improved algorithm is applied to the video surveillance system. The detection accuracy of small targets is improved by adding deconvolution modules to the detection network. The experimental results show that the proposed method can detect the vehicle, driver, car inspection sign, copilot and plate, which are vehicle key information, at the same time, and the improved algorithm in this paper has achieved better results in the accuracy and real-time performance of video surveillance than the SSD algorithm.