Outage Performance of Multi-Carrier Relay Selections in Multi-Hop OFDM with Index Modulation

Pengli YANG  Fuqi MU  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E103-A   No.3   pp.638-642
Publication Date: 2020/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.2019EAL2127
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Communication Theory and Signals
orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing with index modulation,  decode-and-forward relaying,  outage performance,  relay selection,  joint selection,  

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In this letter, we adopt two multi-carrier relay selections, i.e., bulk and per-subcarrier (PS), to the multi-hop decode-and-forward relaying orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing with index modulation (OFDM-IM) system. Particularly, in the form of average outage probability (AOP), the influence of joint selection and non-joint selection acting on the last two hops on the system is analyzed. The closed-form expressions of AOPs and the asymptotic AOPs expressions at high signal-to-noise ratio are given and verified by numerical simulations. The results show that both bulk and PS can achieve full diversity order and that PS can provide additional power gain compared to bulk when JS is used. The theoretical analyses in this letter provide an insight into the combination of OFDM-IM and cooperative communication.