A Reversible Data Hiding Method in Compressible Encrypted Images

Shoko IMAIZUMI
Yusuke IZAWA
Ryoichi HIRASAWA
Hitoshi KIYA

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E103-A    No.12    pp.1579-1588
Publication Date: 2020/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.2020SMP0029
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Smart Multimedia & Communication Systems)
Category: Cryptography and Information Security
Keyword: 
reversible data hiding,  compressible encryption,  image histogram,  image retrieval,  

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Summary: 
We propose a reversible data hiding (RDH) method in compressible encrypted images called the encryption-then-compression (EtC) images. The proposed method allows us to not only embed a payload in encrypted images but also compress the encrypted images containing the payload. In addition, the proposed RDH method can be applied to both plain images and encrypted ones, and the payload can be extracted flexibly in the encrypted domain or from the decrypted images. Various RDH methods have been studied in the encrypted domain, but they are not considered to be two-domain data hiding, and the resultant images cannot be compressed by using image coding standards, such as JPEG-LS and JPEG 2000. In our experiment, the proposed method shows high performance in terms of lossless compression efficiency by using JPEG-LS and JPEG 2000, data hiding capacity, and marked image quality.