Calibration of Turntable Based 3D Scanning Systems

Duhu MAN  Mark W. JONES  Danrong LI  Honglong ZHANG  Zhan SONG  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E102-D   No.9   pp.1833-1841
Publication Date: 2019/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2019EDP7043
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Image Recognition, Computer Vision
Keyword: 
3D model,  laser plane acquisition,  point cloud registration,  turntable calibration,  least squares optimization,  

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Summary: 
The consistent alignment of point clouds obtained from multiple scanning positions is a crucial step for many 3D modeling systems. This is especially true for environment modeling. In order to observe the full scene, a common approach is to rotate the scanning device around a rotation axis using a turntable. The final alignment of each frame data can be computed from the position and orientation of the rotation axis. However, in practice, the precise mounting of scanning devices is impossible. It is hard to locate the vertical support of the turntable and rotation axis on a common line, particularly for lower cost consumer hardware. Therefore the calibration of the rotation axis of the turntable is an important step for the 3D reconstruction. In this paper we propose a novel calibration method for the rotation axis of the turntable. With the proposed rotation axis calibration method, multiple 3D profiles of the target scene can be aligned precisely. In the experiments, three different evaluation approaches are used to evaluate the calibration accuracy of the rotation axis. The experimental results show that the proposed rotation axis calibration method can achieve a high accuracy.